Soldiers from Rockbridge County, Virginia

Over 300 of the men who served in the 27th USCI listed Virginia as the state of their birth. On the blog, Southern Unionists Chronicles,  a reader requested information about one of the soldiers in the USCT included on the site’s list of men born in Rockbridge County.  This led me to compare that list with my files. I have so far found at least nine soldiers who served in the 27th USCI who reported Rockbridge County, Virginia, as their place of birth. Here are their stories:

Robert Henry Allen married Harriet Cousins on October 28, 1860, in Ross County, Ohio. In 1863, he is listed on the draft registration for Huntington Twp., Ross County, Ohio, as a thirty-three-year-old black, married farmer.

He was drafted in Chillicothe, Ross County, in June 1864 and joined the 27th USCI, Company I, for three years. On October 17, 1864, he was transferred to the 23rd USCI, Company I, and served until November 30, 1865. He is listed (with over 100 other men who served in the 27th USCI) in the History of Ross and Highland Counties, Ohio section on Civil War soldiers. It also includes reference to his transfer to the 23rd (along with four others).

Allen died in 1866, and is buried in Pike County in the Cousins Cemetery, Row 10, Grave 24, with a government headstone. In 1890, pension applications were filed for Harriet Prichard as widow and Annie Harris as minor. 

It appears that his parents were Robert and Hannah, also born in Virginia. They lived in Pebble Twp., Pike Co., Ohio, in 1850.

In an 1888 deposition for John Burrell’s pension, Jackson Baldock stated that during the war he ran away from his enslaver, William Paxton, in Quary Dam Falls and traveled to Cleveland where Baldock enlisted into Co. K.

Robert Brown went to Columbus to enlist in August 1864. The twenty-eight-year-old, who received a $100 bounty, was listed as “unassigned” in September and October. He did not join Company I until January 1865, after the fall of Fort Fisher. He served as a cattle guard in May and June 1865. In 1883 he applied for and received a pension. After his death, his widow received a pension. A fraudulent pension claim was made in his name in 1911.

William Carter was a twenty-two-year-old laborer when he enlisted for a one-year period. He received a $100 bounty when he volunteered in Ironton, Lawrence County, in August 1864. He served as the cook for Company H for six months during the war. In 1890 he applied for and received a pension.

Thomas Clark married Mary Waters in Jackson County, Ohio. The Rev. Daniel Clark performed the April 1843 ceremony. They had two children, James in 1846, and Charles in 1847.  In 1850 they lived in Jackson Twp., Pike County. Thomas had a violent temper, so they lived apart by the mid- 1850s. By 1860 he was in the Ohio Penitentiary for assault with the intent to kill. In February 1864, the thirty-nine-year-old farmer enlisted for three years in Piketon, Pike County. He served in Co. E, and was killed at the Crater on July 30, 1864. He was due all of his pay from enlistment. Mary applied for and received a widow’s pension.

William Johnston

George Jones was a twenty-year-old cooper when he volunteered in Columbus in August 1864. He received a $100 bounty. He served in Company A, and was sent to a hospital during March and April, 1865. In 1890 he applied for and received a pension. He died on March 8, 1916, in Beaufort, North Carolina. His widow applied for but did not receive his pension.

Samuel Mayo was forty-four when he enlisted for one year in Marysville, Union County, Ohio. Mayo, who signed his name on his enlistment papers, earned a $100 bounty. He joined Co K. in January 1865. Mayo was sometimes spelled Mayho. Samuel’s parents were Charles and Polly Mayo.

Photograph by author

 He lived in Union County before and after the war. In 1850 Mayo lived in Paris Twp. with his wife Jane and three children, aged two, three, and four. In 1860, he was living alone in Taylor Center. On September 24, 1860 he married Nancy Shadrack.

After the war, Mayo returned to Paris Twp. and worked as a day laborer. In 1870, he and his wife lived with five children, the oldest fourteen and the youngest two. Ten years later, they had six children living with them, aged eighteen to three (the three oldest also with them in 1870).  In 1885 the veteran applied for and received a pension.

In 1900 the couple report that they had been married for forty years, and that seven of Nancy’s nine children were living. Only twenty-three-year-old  Whitney (Whitenhaur) lived with them.  Father and son were both day laborers, and Nancy worked as a washerwoman. They owned their own home. In 1910, eighty-eight-year-old Mayo listed his occupation as “own income.” He lived alone in his home on North Maple St. in Marysville. Samuel died January 22, 1912, and is buried in the Oakdale Cemetery.

Jeremiah Moore volunteered in September 1864 in Dayton. The forty-two-year-old farmer signed up for one year, but was never mustered into the regiment.

Isaac Franklin Paul married Angeline Robinson on July 31, 1855, in Lawrence County, Ohio.  They had two sons, Edward, b. April 1856 and Eugene Franklin, b. April 1858. In June 1860, the family lived in Salisbury Township, Meigs County. Angeline died between then and January 1864.

In January 1864, Paul, a thirty-six-year-old barber, enlisted in the 27th USCI, Company B,  in Scioto County. He was promoted to corporal in May 1864.  While along the Petersburg front, his health declined, and he was hospitalized with chronic diarrhea. He died at the L’Overture Hospital in Alexandria, Virginia in November 1864 and is buried in the Freeman’s Cemetery. After the war, Samuel Richards, an Iron Railroad Company agent in Ironton, Lawrence County, became guardian for the boys.

In May 1870, Edward died in a mining accident. In July 1870, Eugene Franklin is listed as a student living with the black family of James Bryant in Fayette Township, Lawrence County. Assistant surgeon Frank Buckland reported on Paul’s medical condition and autopsy, later printed in the Medical and Surgical History of the United States, vol. III. It appears that Paul first went to the hospital in August, and then again on November 17, 1864. He died on November 20.

Isaac F. Paul had a bother-in-law named Gabriel Johnson.

Want to learn more about the 27th United States Colored Infantry?
See For Their Own Cause: The 27th United States Colored Troops. The Kent State University Press, 2016.


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